If Eve is the mother of the living, she is also the mother of the dead. One of the most astonishing and precious things about motherhood is the brave way in which women consent to give birth to creatures who will one day die. That they do this is an awesome thing, as is their virginity, their existence in and of themselves, apart from that potential for bearing life and death.
This is quite “metaphysical” (as well as psychological). When Heidegger says that the human is a “being toward death,” he doesn’t mean that all humans perish. He means that death is something that energizes our deepest possibilities.
The sort of desperate context he has in mind is a soldier going “over the top” in trench warfare into withering enemy fire. Intentionally, courageously, resolvedly diving up and over into such danger encapsulates the apogee of human being’s expressiveness.
Norris says Eve will be the mother of the dead in courageously consenting to give birth to creatures who will die. Though resolve in the face of death is common to both images, the soldier facing death is also wielding death, while the mother facing death is delivering life.
This reminds me of Hannah Arendt’s observation that we are as much creatures subject to natality as creatures subject to mortality. Hegel famously describes the “struggle to the death” of primordial human spirits.
Very few philosophers have described birth labors as crucial to being human. Is that because until very recently philosophy was written and produced by males whose task (it often seems) has been to deny the central place of the mothers and families in the story of their self-becoming?
Are mothers, or virgins, really that autonomous — that we could say that they “exist in and of themselves”?
If this claim lacks sociological or political credibility, perhaps we are meant to hear Norris in a different – again, rather metaphysical – register.
The virgin is (paradoxically) pure potentiality as well as pure self-sufficiency. Think of children. They are (in their best moments — ideally) purely what they are, lacking nothing.
On good days, they could in no way be better. Yet stepping back, we also know that they are on their way in a course of development, in a course of realizing their potentials. Each perspective, no matter the tension, has weight.
If this is on track, Norris’ virginity is both a state of pure completion (self-sufficiency, absence of lack) and a state of pure readiness to realize potentiality. We are what we are and we are what we will be.
The awesome power of the woman Norris envisages — and perhaps of any human — is to turn pure potentiality into actuality, even as that readiness is in no way a mark of “lack,” deficiency, or emptiness.
—Ed Mooney, Zeteo Contributor
Citations Kathleen Norris, The Cloister Walk, Riverhead Books, 1996, p. 24; Hegel’s “Struggle to the Death” is found in his Phenomenology of Spirit, trans. Miller Oxford, 1977, p 112; “Natality” is a recurrent motif in Arendt’s The Human Condition, Chicago, 1998. And see Jeffrey Champlin, “Born Again: Arendt’s “Natality” as Figure and Concept,” The Germanic Review: Literature, Culture, Theory, 88:2, (2013) 150-164.
Thanks to Google images.